( Log Out /  When the Spanish-American War ended in December 1898, Spain sold the entire Philippine archipelago to the United States for $20 million. America colonized the Philippines, because they wanted to become an empire, and to expand more. Important as a stimulus to trade was the gradual elimination of the monopoly enjoyed by the galleon to Acapulco. The time that the Philippines was under Spanish rule makes up a major part of their history. the philipines enjoyed a good, prosperous life, all the way until the spanish arrived, and the philipines has been miserable ever since. For this purpose thousands of Catholic missionaries belonging to various orders came to the Philippines. The only laws created in the Philippines are those who were ordered by the Governor General. U.S forces suppressed a Philippine Revolution led by Emilio Aguinaldo. The United States exercised formal colonial rule over the Philippines, its largest overseas colony, between 1899 and 1946. Whether this is true or not, historians seem to agree that the cross, rather than the sword, conquered the Filipinos. China didnt colonise the philipines, but did control many major aspects of the country before spain arrived. Prominent LDS Mentor/Energy Healer Shuts Down Websites, Speaks Out About Deception, The Best Way To Be A Missionary = By Example, By Example, By Example, Argentina Website: Information Resource for Pre-Missionaries (LDS), When Disaster Strikes, the Mormons Are There. Leave a Comment Photo 1. The Spanish Empire began its interest in the Americas upon the arrival of Christopher Columbus in the Caribbean in 1492. However the sovereignty status of The Philippines remained unchanged till 1946, as the void left by Spain … In the conflict, the progress of the nation was retarded, because the Spaniards spent much time and energy in quarreling among themselves instead of governing. The Philippines had acquired a new colonial ruler.      Such was the state of culture of the Filipinos when Ferdinand Magellan arrived in the Philippines at the head of a Spanish expedition searching for the Spice Islands in 1521. The Philippines then became a territory of the United States. During the 15th century, the Europeans had developed a strong will to go to the East when they heard that the region is reach in different types of products. In fact several states were at war with each other. The Japanese occupation of the Philippines ended in 1945 with the end of World War II. They invested heavily in the education and conversion to Christianity of the natives. ( Log Out /  Answer (1 of 2): They colonized our country for territory expansion and connection to asian market, another thing is our country has got one of the one of the best geographical location for war base on the western pacific, because there was this event going on on Cuba. By this system, pieces of territory, with their inhabitants and resources, were granted by the Spanish king to the colonizers as a reward for services to the Crown. This original settlement was strengthened over time and expanded over the years to include the kingdoms of Maynila and Tondo.      Even after the encomienda system was abolished, corrupt Spanish officials continued to exploit the people, who still had to render forced labor and pay heavy tribute. Magellan never completed the journey himself; he was killed in an encounter with natives after having claimed the Philippines for Spain. The European traders were attracted and lure to go to the East which includes precious stones, jewelries, silk, and spices (cinnamon, ginger and pepper). They wanted to expand to have more lands, power, resources, more production, and especially more money. Country’s name - gave a name “Philippines” after King Philip II of Spain to the 7100+ islands colonized by Spain.      Starting on a clean slate, it can be said that the missionaries encouraged the growth of literature, art, science, and industry. Unfortunately , whatever Spain imparted to Filipinos adversely affected Filipinos. Some of these rulers were more kind and benevolent than others, but all of the time under foreign rule helped develop the unique culture of the Philippines that can be seen today. The Spanish showed how advanced and strong they are in terms of technologies and how to handle a war.Â, Athena Goodlight: https://history.knoji.com/the-spanish-era-in-the-philippines/. The Spaniards colonized the Philippines for more than three centuries, the longest period that the Philippines experienced foreign rule. Such is the case with the Philippines which was a Spanish colony from 1521 to 1898 when the colonial rule ended with a Filipino revolution cut short when Spain ceded the country to the Americans with the signing of the Treaty of Paris for twenty million dollars. With the growth of the country’s population, poverty was widespread among the masses; mendicancy, unknown before the coming of the Spaniards was common. The fiesta, or religious festival, for example, quickly became the chief occasion for the folk to gather and perform songs and dances. Our ancestors or … The Portuguese navigator and explorer Ferdinand Magellan headed the first Spanish foray to the Philippines when he made landfall on Cebu in March 1521; a short time later he met an untimely death on the nearby island of Mactan.      One chief source of abuse, the encomienda system, was not abolished until the end of the 18th century. Before the discovery of the Philippines, Filipinos were Pagans – their gods and goddesses were embedded in nature. At this point thousands of prisoners of war were forced to undergo the infamous Bataan Death March, in which thousands of prisoners died on their way to a Japanese prison camp. The contribution of this mission work toward the advancement of education, culture, and architecture in general was enormous, although in later years the friars came to be considered as the opponents of the enlightenment of the people. They also built hospitals, asylums, and orphanages to take care of the sick and needy (including the unwanted babies sired by friars). Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. The Philippines today is all but a product of its colonization in her adolescent years. Spain began to colonize the Philippines starting in 1565 when they sent an expedition to set up a settlement in Cebu. It was during these feasts, too, that the peasants indulged in such pastimes as drinking palm wine and cock-fighting. The Philippines has a long  history of being colonized and ruled by foreign countries such as Spain, The United States of America, and Japan. During the 1600’s, Spain unified the Philippine archipelago by conquering the remaining autonomous states. In 1578, Christian Spaniards fought Muslim Bruneians for control of the Philippines in a conflict known as the Castille War. Then he proceeded to establish a Spanish town on Cebu Island, to convert the people to Roman Catholicism.      When European traders, in search for a new route to the Spice Islands, stumbled into the Philippine archipelago in 1521, they found the people living in a comparatively high state of civilization. This is where Philippine culture is taken from. Spain's mission to build an empire in the New World began with the expeditions of a Genoan seafarer named Christopher Columbus (1451–1506), who convinced the Spanish royalty he could find a western route across the Atlantic Ocean to the Indies (Asia). Also the USA didn't want lose the Philippines island to Japan or Germany. Required fields are marked *. The name Philippines is a clue. Why are there so many Roman Catholics in the Philippines? The few priests who tried to defend the people were helpless, and the elaborate laws framed to protect the subjects were openly flouted. In 1501, Amerigo Vespucci (1454–1512), for whom the Americas … The religious orders established schools and colleges, founded libraries and museums, and set up printing presses. Spain subjugated the Philippines the longest compared to all other foreign adversaries.      The Spaniards ruled the Philippines for 300 years under these conditions, continually harassed by Chinese pirates, by the Moros (Mohammedans from Mindanao and Sulu), by the Dutch and the English who wanted to take possession of the Islands, and finally by the frequent revolts on the part of the natives.Â,      The Spaniards conquered the Philippines for 333 years. During the Spanish colonial period in the Americas (1492–1832), about two million Spanish settlers migrated to the newly acquired territory, and a further 3.5 million people migrated to the Americas between 1850 and 1950. Filipinos in general are timid - not assertive. During the Spanish colonization in the Philippines , the government was composed of two branches, the executive and the judicial. There was no legislative branch on that time since the laws of the islands were coming from Spain . Each camp accused the other of oppressing the people. Each town was assigned a patron saint on whose birthday the festival was held. In Europe, there had been very important political that happed brought by the new life or Renaissance. The Philippines was ruled under the Mexico-based Viceroyalty of New Spain.      Several languages were spoken, then, as now, although there was one common alphabet called babaying, which resembled the ancient alphabet of India. Did Spain colonize the Philippines? During the Renaissance period, there had been a very fast growth in the field of trading. Spanish Colonization of the Philippines (1565-1898) Spain began to colonize the Philippines starting in 1565 when they sent an expedition to set up a settlement in Cebu. Attempts at reform by sympathetic Spanish officials were quickly put down by influential personages who had their own interests to protect. However, with the arrival of the Spaniards, the Filipinos learned to embrace Christianity. Codes of law governed their conduct. Yes, Spain colonised the Philippines during the reign of Phillip II 1556 to 1598 How long did it take for Spain to colonize Mexico and the Philippines? So the first thing I'd say is that if the Philippines weren't colonized by Spain, that it would continue being a bunch of nation states. After this, the colony was directly governed by Spain. More information on these cultural changes can be found here. During the more than 300 years of Spanish rule, many cultural changes were introduced, such as new foods, the addition of many Spanish words to their language, and of course Catholicism. The people practiced monogamy in general.      But Spain’s biggest legacy to the Philippines is Roman Catholism, which the people embraced readily from the beginning. The Republic of the Philippines, located in Southeast Asia, is built out of 7,107 islands and is separated in three main islands, namely, Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao1. They abused, overtaxed, cheated, and practically enslaved the Filipinos. Punishments with varying degrees of severity were meted out to culprits whose offenses were tried in public courts presided over by the chiefs.      With the rising influence of the Catholic Church in the Philippines, there began a contention for power between the religious and civil authorities, which proved harmful to the Filipinos. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. ( Log Out /  Change ), Summary of Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo, Summary of Spanish Colonization in the Philippines, The Life in the Philippines before the Spanish Regime, https://history.knoji.com/the-spanish-era-in-the-philippines/. In April 1942, the United States/Filipino forces surrendered to the Japanese at Bataan. When a Filipino tribe was planning to have a revolution, the Spanish would send another group of Filipino tribes to conquer their fellow Filipinos, which results of creating a stronger sense of division.Â,      If the Spaniards did not colonize our country, we can’t have our religion today, the Christianity. We all know that they were the one who presented our today’s religion even they forced the Filipinos before, but still we adapted it and devoted with our strong faith. Due to their power (the Spaniards), they became abusive to the Indios which they discriminated in their own land. The feudal economy remained, with land concentrated in the hands of a few individuals and the Church itself. American economic and strategic interests in Asia and the Pacific were increasing in the late 1890s in the wake of an industrial depression and in the face of global, interimperial competition. In April 1898, the Spanish-American War broke out over Spain’s brutal suppression of a rebellion in Cuba. On December 8, 1941, the Japanese launched a surprise attack on a U.S. military base in Luzon just 8 hours after the attack on Pearl Harbor. The actual work of colonization began in 1565, when Miguel Lopez de Legazpi concluded treaties of friendship with the native chiefs. Spain had control of the Philippines for more than 300 years, so it’s no surprise that there are many Filipino customs, traditions, and cultural norms that can be traced back to the Spanish. The first Spanish ships to reach the Philippines were commanded by Magellan and by Juan Sebastian Elcano: in turn they were the first ships to have circumnavigated the planet in all of history. The Spanish colonization had many influences towards the country’s land and culture. The missionary zeal to make the country an outpost of the Catholicism in spite of the fact that (even with unsparing exploitation), the Philippines was a financial liability as a colony. This included the Sultanate of Sulu. Spain’s foremost aim in the Philippines was to spread their religion. 23 Nov. How the Spaniards really colonized the Philippines. They wanted to go … Those are some reasons on why the Spanish easily conquered our land. Result of these are, we adapted their culture, traditions, and even their languages which we used until today. the Spanish took advantage of the already divided up people in the Philippines and easily dominated by them. The Philippines were colonized by three countries Spain, America, and Japan. Posted November 23, 2010 by kaspil2 in 1.How the Spaniards really colonized the Philippines, 5 Philippine History facts that are blindly taught in textbooks. the Spanish took advantage of the already divided up people in the Philippines and easily dominated by them. BELIEFS. Elcano made it all the way back to Spain with one ship and few survivors. They left their mark probably more so than any other foreign nation to which the Philippines was subjected.Spain was one of the most powerful nations in th… The Philippines was a bunch of various nation states prior to the arrival of the Spaniards. The Philippines Islands stretched from Batanes in the North to Jolo in the South. Although initially discovered by Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan in 1521, it was not until 1565 that Spain began the permanent colonization of the Philippines. The encomenderos ruled like the feudal lords of Medieval Europe, and exploited their territories to the limit. After aiding Filipino revolutionaries to kick out the Spaniards, the United States decided to annex the Philippines. The empire stretched across the Caribbean Islands, North America, Central America, and half of South America. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The women’s position in society was high; tribal laws and customs recognized her equality with the men in many respects. Your email address will not be published. Reasons For Spanish Colonization Reasons For Spanish Colonization FIRST, since the “discovery” of the Philippines was made under the auspices of Spain, the Philippines, therefore was rightfully owned by Spain.      The colorful rituals and numerous holidays of the Catholic Church gave rise to many folk traditions. The folk have come to associate the occasion with gay colors, brass bands, and general merrymaking. United States Colonial Rule in the Philippines. After King Philip II (for whom the … Magellan was killed by natives. The Spanish remained in control of the Philippines until 1898 when the United States began capturing Filipino cities. There was oral and written literature. The Philippines is blessed with excellent natural harbors for ports like Manila Bay.” The Philippines were once owned by Spain until America bought the Philippines in an attempt to imperialize. Spain colonized the Philippines and stayed for almost 400 years. It was in the early 1500s. Spain’s invasion and colonization ofn the Philippines was started when King Philip II decided to colonize the Philippines to enhanceSpain's imperial glory and spread Christianity among the natives. SECOND, since Spain, being in actual possession of the Philippines, it More detailed information on these cultural changes can be found here. No unity, no proper government, divided tribes. Magellan's arrival in Cebu represents the first attempt by Spain to convert Filipinos to Roman Catholicism. The islands of the Philippines brought wealth to the newly owned fathered nation of America. Columbus mistakenly concluded he had reached the Indies and brought news of his new route back to Spain. Spanish historians, writing about the early Filipinos, affirmed that there was hardly a man or woman who could not read and write. With this action, Spanish rule in the Philippines formally ended. In 1565, Spain successfully started to colonize the Philippines by having a blood compact with the Rajahs of Bohol. They cultivated rice, which was their staple food, fished the extensive waters around them, and brewed many kinds of drinks, which they were very fond of.      The actual work of colonization began in 1565, when Miguel Lopez de Legazpi concluded treaties of friendship with the native chiefs. Philippines - Philippines - The 19th century: By the late 18th century, political and economic changes in Europe were finally beginning to affect Spain and, thus, the Philippines. He sailed west in 1492 and six months later landed on islands in the Caribbean Sea. It was also at this point when the Spanish missionaries tried to eliminate the ancient written literature of the Filipinos. A country cannot be a colony for over three hundred years and not imbibe the culture of the colonizer. It was all about securing strategic locations in a contest for global military and commercial advantage. This original settlement was strengthened over time and expanded over the … ( Log Out /       The Spaniards ruled the Philippines for 300 years under these conditions, continually harassed by Chinese pirates, by the Moros (Mohammedans from Mindanao and Sulu), by the Dutch and the English who wanted to take possession of the Islands, and finally by the frequent revolts on the part of the natives. The Philippines were colonized by Spain during the reign of Phillip II King of Spain 1556 to 1598. Spanish rule ended in 1898 with Spain's defeat in the Spanish–American War. This is from years of being treated like slaves and servants of Spaniards. These almost 50 years of U.S. occupation lead to a lot of cultural additions in the Philippines such as American foods, words, and religion.      Spain’s foremost aim in the Philippines was to spread their religion. The beggar by the church gate or the frequented street corner, and the blind mendicant begging from house to house became familiar sights. This results to the revolution of the Filipinos. President Mckinley was quoted saying that the Filipinos were “unfit for self-government.” Filipino-U.S. relations were tense until independence was declared in 1946 after the Tydie-McDuffie Act was passed. The natives dwelt on houses made of bamboo and palm leaves, and were properly attired at all times. Because of the destruction of ancient writings, in their eagerness to erase the previous cultural records of the Philippines, only the orally transmitted literature has survived. The Spanish colonization ended on 1898. Your email address will not be published. Nor did they successfully conquer certain highland areas, such the Luzon highlands, where a diverse array of ethno-linguistic groups used their remote, difficult mountainous terrain to successfully avoid colonization. Philippines to the United States for $20 million which was subsequently narrowly ratified by the U.S. Senate. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. When European traders, in search for a new route to the Spice Islands, stumbled into the Philippine archipelago in 1521, they found the people living in a comparatively high state of civilization. Then he proceeded to establish a Spanish town on Cebu Island, to convert the people to Roman Catholicism.

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