According to legend, this soft, bloomy rind cheese would be born in Camembert village (Orne), in the Jacques and Marie Harel’s property. It’s in the middle of the XVIIIth century that we heard about the Langres cheese for the first time, in a composed sing by the city Dominican Prior. There are so many excellent French cheeses; it's estimated that France produces approximately 200 different types of cheeses! Nicknamed “Chevreton of Maconnais or Cabrion”, the Bouton de Culotte owes its name to its little size, which, by the way, is able to drain off without being flipped and it has a shape that looks like a trouser button. Once drained and dried, the whey becomes an easy food to transport and nourishing: cheese! The most famous cheese of Burgundy was born in the XVIth century, from a Cistercian monk community, settled in Epoisses village. The minimum cheese-ageing is 30 days. As of February 2010, there were 45 French cheese names on the list. All rights reserved. First of all, the cheese-ageing, the Brie de Meaux is refined for 4 to 8 weeks, whereas the Brie de Melun is refined for 4 to 12 weeks. 7. This modern Danish blue cheese is semi hard and uniformly veined thanks to a fun method of production: the curd is perforated with sticks or copper wires so that the mold is evenly distributed in the cheese. The raising of goats was widespread in the region, the cheese is intended to be consumed by the family. 9. Cheese-ageing is about 10 days. Cheese-ageing is 3 months minimum. With more than 20 kg of consumed cheese per year and per capita, French people are the largest cheese consumers after Greeks. In the soft, rind-washed cheese category, it makes its appearance in the XIIth century thanks to Cistercian monks. This is one of those cheeses that have no patents, and hence any cheese maker can name his product ‘Cheddar’. Paraldon, Pelardou, Peraudou, the final Pelardon name is established in the XIXth century and its consumption only goes out of the family circle in the 1960s, thanks to the goat raising renewal in the region. Traditionally, the cheese was made from a mixture of sheep's milk mixed either with cow's or goat's milk. The cheese-ageing is a minimum of 4 weeks. With a wonderful selection ranging from blue cheese to pasteurised, to soft, hard and matured, our choice is mind-blowing.. Our cheese category is vast, spanning British, French, Spanish and Italian cheeses; there is something to suit every palate. But mulled wine isn’t the only option. This pungent blue cheese originated in the south of France. 7 Goat Cheeses You Should Know. The first written trace of this Berrichon cheese dates from the XIXth century, where a native farmer of the township explains that she always made Selles-sur-Cher, like her mother before her. The cheese-ageing is a minimum of 14 days, but to emphasize its typical pepper taste, you have to wait a bit longer… (about 2 months). The Epoisses gains popularity, it is eaten in the Louis XIV court, at Napoleon’s table and gets its famous reputation under the end of the Former Regime. Go well with: Muscadet or Gros-plant-du-pays-nantais, Recipe idea: Cure fashion mussel casserole. Legend has it that a shepherd boy, fascinated by the sight of a pretty girl, abandoned his meal made of bread and sheep's curd in the cave. For more information, click here (french link). A little jewel from Loir-et-Cher, the Selles-sur-Cher is named after its native township, which is also the principal collecting and resale centre. Shop all English Cheeses. Via w … And if Stilton is the best known, other British blue cheeses deserve a mention. Reblochon’s birth occurs in the XIIIth century, in the Thones valley, Haute-Savoie. Here are a few of our favourite leftover brisket recipes, including chili, tacos and casserole. We can eat fresh Brocciu and passu Brocciu, and this includes 21 days of cheese-ageing. Production ceased in 1992. French cheesemakers have been crafting chevre for a thousand years and counting. The photo above shows six French goat cheeses recently sent to me as part of an outreach by an organization called Goat Cheeses of France to educate the US cheese consumer. A blue cheese varietal produced in Asturias, Spain. According to legend, cheese production was discovered throughout the storage and the shipping of milk in ruminant’s stomach. In France, blue cheeses are known as les fromages à pâte persillée (roughly translated as spotted cheese). During the aging process the cheese is pierced with long needles to allow air to enter and form mold, which results in the blue veins. Recipe idea: Prawns and Ossau-Iraty, Espelette pepper risotto. Whatever your goat cheese stance, I urge you to open your mind and mouth to some (or all!) The XIX century saw the Bleu d’Auvergne’s birth thanks to a farmer from the region, Antoine Roussel, wishing to develop the cheese “bluestain” which, according to him, brings a “special, pleasant and perfumed” taste. C… Protected since 1981 and produced only in rural areas, it has almost no crust, a creamy texture and a very strong odor due to the addition of milk from sheep and goats to that of cow's. But what’s the difference between the Brie de Meaux and the Brie de Melun, these two similar cousins? Classic Sangria can be easily played with, making it a drink perfectly adaptable for the Christmas holidays. Related topic : 9 Awesome Cheese Shops in Paris. Go well with: Calvi Corsican wine (white), Pouilly-Fuissé, Bourgogne (white) or Crozes-Hermitage (white). The Papillon Roquefort basements offer you a free guided visit and a tasting. These are the nine you should absolutely know. Nicknamed “the cheese from Gabales and Gevaudan country” by Pliny the Elder, the Cantal is one of the oldest cheeses in history. 4. The Bleu d’Auvergne is a cow milk blue-veined cheese, unlike his cousin, the Roquefort which is made with ewe milk. A cheese from the Liébana district in Spain's autonomous Cantabria Valley. Whether you are looking to add new cheeses to your collection or something special for your next cheese plate, here's a quick guide to 10 European blue cheeses that will rock your palate. Danish Blue (Danablu) This cheese was created in the early 20 th century by a Danish cheese maker by the name of Marius Boel. It is a smaller goat cheese and even the smallest cheese of all! Banon: A soft blended milk cheese from Provence with a creamy, slightly goaty character. Produced in the region of d'Auvergne, it is made from raw cow's milk and formed into narrow cylindrical shapes.Â. The Langres distinguishes itself by the little “basin” at its top. But why is there a basin? It may come as a surprise to see varieties of Emmental cheese protected as a French cheese. Hailing from the French Alps, it is a great melter and is often added to fondue. France near the Pyrénées and Basque country is renowned for its sheep milk's cheeses. There’s nothing quite like a mulled wine, whether it’s outdoors at a bustling Christmas market, or sat in front of the fireplace in your snug new Christmas slippers. Ewes have to be basco-bearnaise, Manech black head or Manech red head. Cantal or Fourme de Cantal or Cantalet(AOC, Auvergne) 10. Pont l'Evèque - soft cheese, richer than cousins brie and camembert. Made from cow and/ or goat's milk, it has a yellowish paste, and a mild flavor. And more importantly, they are deeply connected to and proud of their cheese. It is known in the Middle Ages under the name “craquegnon” and helped to pay the tithe (1010 charter). There are many great ways to save that leftover brisket, from nacho and mac ‘n’ cheese toppings to stuffed peppers and breakfast hashes. The cheese sold there is very valued”. Where to Stay in Paris ? It is made with sheep's milk. about Christmas Sangria Recipe: How to Make it in Simple Steps, about Leftover Brisket: Recipes and Ideas Against Food Waste, about Chefs Go on Hunger Strike in Portugal, about Christmas Mulled Gin Cocktail Recipe: How to Make It, about The Digest: The Dark Side Of The White Truffle. The “egg cups”, refiner ancestors, regularly came to the farms to collect the foodstuffs including the goat cheeses, which were sold later. This list differs from those of AOCstatus. It is less pungent than other blue cheeses and its veins range from blue-green to blackish blue. The Reblochon cheese-ageing is 4 to 5 weeks on a thin, spruce slice. Fourme d'Ambert is one of just 32 name-controlled cheeses in France. It was perfect for a cheese and especially free! Bleu des Causses 4. Explore Gourmet Food World’s tasty collection of spreadable cheeses like French Brie, Italian Gorgonzola, American Goat Cheese, and more. The new video series from Fine Dining Lovers, Flavour Hacking shows you all you need to know about how to cook eggs, how to fry eggs and how to poach eggs. Fine Dining Lovers was on the scene to speak to TV chef and 'Bread and Water' movement leader Ljubomir Stanisic. Oxford Blue; Perl Las – Welsh blue cheese made by Caws Cenarth. It was invented by the massif farmers to remedy the insufficient milk collecting to produce Comté. The Pelardon from Languedoc is a soft, bloomy rind goat cheese, and its name originated from the cevenol language (“pebre” which means pepper). Indeed, after the controller’s visit, fa… Another way to produce this cheese is by using unpasteurized cow milk. Brie de Melun 8. Chaource 13. Abondance: A firm, fruity and nutty cheese from the French Alps. Here at Fine Food Specialist we are passionate about cheese and equally about where it is produced. Several experiences later, based on rye bread, mold and artificial holes, the Bleu d’Auvergne is born! Go well with: Bourgogne (white), Tavel rosé or Marcillac (red). Go well with: grey Pinot, Chateauneuf-du-Pape or Gewurztraminer. According to legend, an ogre, animal stealer, who revealed the Brocciu production secret in exchange for his life, was threatened by the Corsican shepherds. To obtain a mild and rounded batter and because of the weather imposed by the region, we use the soft curd technique (little or no whey added). A similar or related cheese to try would be Bleu d'Auvergne. It is understood that the Brie is a royal cheese. Go well with: Madiran, Pecharmant ou Fitou, Recipe idea: Pont l’Eveque roquet-monsieur. It’s King Charlemagne who talks about it first in 774, then it’s the turn of Robert II the Pious, who strongly cares about its trade in 999. During the Middle Ages, farmers were not landowners and they had to pay a “right of use” on the quantity of milk produced and to make their animals graze, which made its production illegal. The first French Edam was made in 1660 in Queyrac in the Medoc and would have inspired northern cheesemakers of France to make the first mimolettes. One of the most well known blue cheeses in the world, the blue d'Auvergne derives its name from the Southern French town where it is produced. Moreover, the Brie de Melun is slightly smaller than the Brie de Meaux. Made in a traditional French style, the Danish cheese makers use cows milk and inject copper rods into the curds to provide the blue mold. The more the basin is dug, the more the Langres cheese is aged. The white truffle found in Alba, in Italy's Piedmont region, is highly-prized all over the world, and while the ancient tradition of the 'trifolau' still continues in the region, there is a dark side to truffle hunting. Cantal is a French cheese that is often likened to cheddar and can be found in two varieties: either made with pasteurized milk (Cantal Laitier) or with raw milk (Cantal Fermier). Blue cheese is very nutritious and boasts more calcium than most other cheeses. Follow her lead, she will gladly give you all her good tips! The small Cantal weighs between 15 and 20 kg, about the Cantalet, which is between 8 and 10 kg. Its bars, its restaurants and above all, its hotels, whether you want to sleep, eat, party or just take a walk in Paris, Mona knows them (nearly) all. The Roquefort basements are located in the heart of the Combalou plateau, the “fleurines” bring the airflow needed to the cheese’s development. The Brocciu name comes from the word “brousse” which is a reference to a Provencal fresh cheese. It is  wrapped in giant sycamore or chestnut leaves, which facilitates the preservation and maintenance of humidity levels. The milk needed for its production comes from cows of Normandy, raised outdoors day and night. The first known mention about the cheese production is notified in the Marquard treaty (1339). Its most classic accompaniments are celery, pear and Port wine, or "barley wine", a British top-fermented beer from the Greek origins. Abondance 2. Bleu du Haut-Jura, de Gex, de Septmoncel 5. In the XVth century, Charles VI then, Charles VII grant to Roquefort habitants, several privileges. Unlike our Swiss friends who are using scalded milk, French Mont d’Or is exclusively composed of raw milk. Its first recorded appearance was in the VIIth century throughout the ruling “l’Ecrit des paturages”. Bleu des Causses is a French blue cheese made from raw milk of Montbeliarde and Aubrac breeds of cow. After the First World War, its production is declining, it was only in the 1950s that it could get its popularity rating back, thanks to a farmer couple, Simone and Robert Berthaut. In 1849, the abbot Feraud talks about it: “we run in Banon several attended fairs. This little goat cheese is a soft, bloomy rind cheese from Poitevine, Saanen or Alpine goats, raised in the Quercy and Rouergue regions. This is a list of French cheeses.While there are about 1,600 distinct types of French … You have to wait about 15 days minimum of cheese-ageing for a small size, 18 days minimum for a middle size, and 21 days minimum for a big size. Cancoillotte 9. The mold used to create blue cheese gives it a distinctive odor and bold, tangy flavor. Nicknamed “priest cheese”, “cheese of the priest” or “Nantais cheese”, it’s a soft, rind-washed cow’s milk cheese which can be moulded under 3 shapes: a square model with rounded corners, its original shape, a big round model aimed at the cutting sale and a small model aged with Muscadet. It is the blue cheese that is produced in the heart of the Picos de Europa mountain range located along the northern coast of Spain. Many familiar generic types, like Boursin, are not covered. 9. A French cheese dating from the Roman times. Go well with: Beaujolais (red) or Cotes d’Auvergne (red). Blue mold cheese was discovered by accident when cheese was left behind in a … A close cousin to Roquefort, it is produced in the Languedoc region of southern France and was granted AOC name protection in 1979. Indeed, during the prehistory and, more precisely, during the Neolithic period (end of the Vth- beginning of the VIth millennium BC) that men expand the cheese manufacturing process. Okay, okay. This was his attempt to mimic the ever-popular Roquefort cheese in terms of appearance, flavor, texture, and taste. Cabrales Cheese – Traditionally, this cheese is made by mixing goat and sheep’s milk together.This cheese has a stronger, spicier flavor to it. Reblochon’s birth occurs in the XIIIth century, in the Thones valley, Haute-Savoie. Christmas Sangria Recipe: How to Make it in Simple Steps, Leftover Brisket: Recipes and Ideas Against Food Waste, Christmas Mulled Gin Cocktail Recipe: How to Make It, The Digest: The Dark Side Of The White Truffle, Angostura Bitters – What It Is and How to Cook With It. Each French region has a cheese ... Nearly a dozen different cheeses boast Brie as part of their name, ... Roquefort is an assertive blue cheese made with sheep's milk and penicillium mold. So why not try a cup of mulled gin if you haven’t already? Then, the draining, the Brie de Meaux has a spontaneous draining, whereas the Brie de Melun has a slow draining. Chèvre - there are lots of different goats cheeses, the most common coming in a cylinder shape about 10 cm across. Guide to Best Areas and Neighborhoods, The Best Prepaid French SIM Cards for Tourists Compared, 6 Most Famous Traditionnal and Legendary Cabarets of Paris, 25 Things / Souvenirs to Buy in Paris & Where to Find Them, 35 Typical French Foods (Mostly Yummy, Some Weird), 13 Best Shopping Centers and Outlets to Shop at in Paris, 7 Great Vegetarian Restaurants In Paris For All Budgets, Top 14 Best Affordable Classic Bistros in Paris, Top 12 Best Indian Restaurants in Paris: Our Selection, 17 Best Italian Restaurants in Paris (Pizza, Pasta…Yum! The creamy texture but strong salt content make it the perfect additional to the top of a ribeye immediately after being pulled from the grill. Mona knows Paris like the back of her hand. This soft, bloomy rind goat cheese comes from Maconnais and Haut-Beaujolais. Go well with: Champagne or Champagne method. All the information about each European cheese in one spot, including taste, texture, pronunciation, and wine pairing tips. The top contender for one of the best French cheeses here is A.O.C. Strong and creamy. The Munster is a soft, rind-washed cheese, composed of raw cow’s milk. The rind is salted and ashed with charcoal, which gives it a sweet taste. Well, it’s simply because the Langres is never flipped, contrary to his number one competitor: the Epoisses. Moulded exclusively with ladle, this little cheese gets the Red Label since 2006. Recipe idea: Rosemary and Banon fougasse. Bleu d' Auvergne. This gorgeous marbling is a result of a carefully selected strain of Penicillin mold that is added to the milk during cheese production.Â. Types of Blue Mold Cheese (With Pictures and Names) When it comes to choosing delicious cheese varieties, none can divide opinion as much as blue mold type of cheeses. 1. Indeed, after the controller’s visit, farmers start applying “the Rebloche” (in dialect), that means pinching the cow udders twice, thus, the milk acquired was very creamy. 2000 years ago, the Cantal was already used as food storage by its impressive size (it can reach up to 45kg) and as a trade product. According to Georges Mathieu, the school director of Aurillac dairy industry, Antoine Roussel, “just achieved a microbial seeding and crop in an organic environment” (1854), Go well with: Muscat-de-Rivesaltes or Banyuls, Recipe idea: Bleu d’Auvergne duck slivers. The cheese was a soft, mild blue cheese with an edible white rind, much like Brie, and was inspired by French cheeses. Go well with: Dry white wine of Jura, Bourgueil, Saint-Emilion or Graves, Recipe idea: Mont d’Or in the oven (one garlic clove and one tablespoon of white wine). Three families of cheese: French cheeses can be divided into three main families: - pressed cheeses (like most British cheeses) - soft cheeses, such as Camembert - blue cheeses to which can be added a number of hybrids or very individual cheeses. Go well with: Champagne Blanc de Blancs, Anjou-Gamay or Touraine. And so, for the sake of you, Dear Reader, and in the name of science and education, I nibbled and scribbled my way through those cheeses, tasting and making notes in order to make this country of ours more goat cheese-aware. Chabichou du Poitou 12. So it's not *technically* a blue. As well they should be! While 10 varieties of cheeses might sound like a lot, naming only 10 French cheeses is a feat. Blue cheese is typically produced in temperature-controlled environments, such as caves or cellars. First things first, how does blue cheese get its trademark blue veins? The couple was hiding since October 1790, the abbot Charles-Jean, Benedictine and prior of Rouxville, in order to save him from the French revolution repression. But it is covered in blue mold, which is why it makes the list. Go well with: Cotes-de-provence (white and red) or Coteaux-Varois-en-Provence Bleu de Sassenage - our last blue cheese, and a firmer, more yellow cheese than Roquefort or Bleu d'Auvergne. Before leaving the region, they bequeathed the famous cheese recipe to the peasants of the valley. ), Copyright © 1996-2020 Ossau-Iraty-Brébis Pyrénées, an ancient cheese some say dates back to at least 1000 B.C.E..A semi-hard, uncooked cheese, Ossau-Iraty is made from raw sheep's milk, with notable butterfat content. It is also acknowledged as a currency to pay tax or as an exchange value in different contracts. It is not to wonder, since there are over 1,000 types of cheese produced in France, varying between the poignant and strong blue cheese, such as the notorious Roquefort and creamy cheese such as Brie.. of these seven greats. Louis XIV loves and wants it every day for his meals. With some chefs' tips and tricks, as well as a little science, you can learn how to make the most delicious eggs every time. In 1756, the abbot, Boissier de Sauvage, told us about the cheese called Peraldou “little rounded and flat cheese we make in the Cevennes…” Frederic Mistral, the Occitan writer, describes it as a “little rounded cheese, goat’s milk, spicy and dry taste, and proper to Cevennes”. The Brie de Meaux is moulded with a shovel and the Brie de Melun is moulded with a ladle. According to legend, the Roman emperor, Antoine the Pious, died of gluttony, which proves its seniority. The Selles-sur-Cher is part of the soft with bloomy rind cheeses. Pasteurized versions are also available. French Cheeses. Made in 20 pound wheels. Originally sold wrapped in maple leaves, this blue cheese is now sold covered in golden foil.Â. Three different types of milk: Cheese is traditionally made from three types of milk: - cow's milk National pride of the Ile de Beaute, the Brocciu is the only cheese made with whey, which means the Corsican ewes and/or goats whey. In 1880, in St Julien-de-Concelles, a small village near Nantes, a priest named Pierre Hivert creates a cheese, le “Regal des Gourmets”, which becomes a tribute to the holy man, “the Cure Nantais”. This cow's milk blue cheese hails from Finland where it is commonly enjoyed with rye crackers. In 1860, the Savoy was incorporated in the French Empire, which started the Reblochon’s trade, promoted by the railway in Annecy. The French enjoy a lot of cheese. The French Cheese Corner brings to you a curated list of some of the best cheeses France has to offer, crafted with the highest quality milk. As the author, Emile Bergerat, said: “The one who never tasted, doesn’t know the island” (end of the XIXth century). Guillaume de Lorris even quotes him in his famous book, the Roman de la rose, “the good tables were always furnished at dessert of angelot cheeses”. According to legend, a shepherd in love who wanted to seduce his lady left his sandwich composed of rye bread and ewe cheese in a cave where he was resting. The first written mention dates of the XIth century and represents a historical symbol for the region of Causses and Aveyron valleys. But these two favorites are just two of the many European blue cheeses out there.Â. There are now over 400 types of French cheeses, each with a rich local heritage tied to the distinctive terroir, cultures, and people of their storybook towns of origin. Women will use it as a medium of exchange, like Blanche de Navarre and Queen Margot who respectively bribe Philippe Auguste and Henri IV with Brie toasts! the rind is not always eaten (but can be) 8. The cheese-ageing is between 10 days and 3 weeks. Semi-Hard French Cheeses Salers. It is nicknamed, in 1230, the “Angelot” in reference to a coin. This famous Italian blue cheese is made from whole cow's milk injected with Penicillium glacum. Bleu d'Auvergne (AOC, Auvergne) 3. Chefs, restaurant owners and entertainment professionals have gone on hunger strike in Portugal in protest over a lack of government support for the hospitality industry during lockdown. Go well with: Irouleguy or Jurançon Soft rind-washed cheese, the Maroilles is one the oldest cheese of France. Their distinctive blue-green veining is what gives them their name in both languages. Like I said previously, the Cantal can weigh between 35 and 45 kg! Go well with: Chateauneuf-du-Pape, Lalande-de-Pomerol or Fronsac, Recipe idea: Salmon and Langres rillettes. A little historical reminder: the cheese was used at that time as an exchange medium, remuneration or tax. In the Age of Enlightenment, it’s Diderot who declares the Roquefort “king of cheese”. Later, the Maroilles crosses the border and seduces Charles V, the Spain court intendant is charged with the shipping of the precious merchandise. One year later, the Camembert of Normandy was born for our great pleasure. It’s a rare product, which is tasted exclusively at some point in the year (September to May). Gold medal winner at the World Cheese Awards 2015 in France. Soft rind-washed cheese, the Mont d’Or, also called “Vacherin du Haut-Doubs” or “Vacherin Mont d’Or” in Switzerland, is named after the highest point of its native relief. Brie de Meaux 7. The region in S.W. In 1793, the Brie becomes important as the magistrate, François Joachim Esnue-Lavallee, references it, “the Brie, loved by rich and poor preached equality before we ever imagined it possible”. A.O.C. These soft cheeses are best and room temperature and are just waiting to be spread over crackers, crusty bread and fruit. As our dear readers, you will find below a little historical note, a list by region of our favourite French cheeses, their history, a wine proposal on the side and recipe ideas. All lovers of this cheese will agree with the Maroilles’ brotherhood device “Honni soit qui, without Maroilles, pretends holding loyal table”. From front to back: blue cheese, Morbier & Emmental. Go well with: Beaujolais (red), Anjou (red or white), Saumur or Medoc (red).

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